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英语语法网络图—冠词
时间:2013-05-15 10:13 来源:未知 作者:网站管理员

冠词
 
冠词分为不定冠词(a, an),定冠词(the),和零冠词。
I. 不定冠词的用法:
1 指一类人或事,相当于a kind of A plane is a machine that can fly.
2 次提及某人某物,非特指 A boy is waiting for you.
3 表示“每一”相当于every,one We study eight hours a day.
4 表示“相同”相当于the same We are nearly of an age.
5 用于人名前,表示不认识此人或与某名人有类似性质的人或事 A Mr. Smith came to visit you when you were out
That boy is rather a Lei Feng.
6 用于固定词组中 A couple of, a bit, once upon a time, in a hurry, have a walk, many a time
7 用于quite, rather, many, half, what, such之后 This room is rather a big one.
8 用于so(as, too, how)+形容词之后 She is as clever a girl as you can wish to meet.
II. 定冠词的用法:
1 表示某一类人或物 The horse is a useful animal.
2 用于世上独一无二的事物名词前 the universe, the moon, the Pacific Ocean
3 表示说话双方都了解的或上文提到过的人或事 Would you mind opening the door? 
4 用于乐器前面 play the violin, play the guitar
5 用于形容词和分词前表示一类人 the reach, the living, the wounded
6 表示“一家人”或“夫妇” the Greens, the Wangs
7 用于序数词和形容词副词比较级前 He is the taller of the two children.
8 用于党派等以及江河湖海,山川群岛的名词前 the United States, the Communist Party of China, the French
9 用于表示发明物的单数名词前 The compass was invented in China.
10 在逢十的复数数词之前,指世纪的某个年代 in the 1990’s
11 用于表示单位的名词前 I hired the car by the hour.
12 用于方位名词,身体部位名词,及表示时间的词组前 He patted me on the shoulder.
III. 零冠词的用法:
1 专有名词,物质名词,抽象名词,人名地名等名词前 Beijing University, Jack, China, love, air
2 名词前有this, my, whose, some, no, each, every等限制 I want this book, not that one. / Whose purse is this?
3 季节,月份,星期,节假日,一日三餐前 March, Sunday, National Day, spring
4 表示职位,身份,头衔的名词前 Lincoln was made President of America.
5 学科,语言,球类,棋类名词前 He likes playing football/chess.
6 与by连用表示交通工具的名词前 by train, by air, by land
7 以and连接的两个相对的名词并用时 husband and wife, knife and fork, day and night
8 表示泛指的复数名词前 Horses are useful animals.



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